As filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 25, 2018
Registration No. 333-
UNITED STATES SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
THE SECURITIES ACT OF 1933
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
(Translation of Registrant’s name into English)
|Cayman Islands||Not Applicable|
|(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
27/F, Pearl River Tower
No. 15 West Zhujiang Road
Guangzhou, Guangdong 510623
People’s Republic of China
Tel: +86 20 83886888
(Address and telephone number of Registrant’s principal executive offices)
Cogency Global Inc.
10 East 40th Street, 10th Floor
New York, New York 10016
+1 800 221-0102
(Name, address and telephone number of agent for service)
David T. Zhang, Esq.
Benjamin W. James, Esq.
Kirkland & Ellis International LLP
c/o 26th Floor, Gloucester Tower, The Landmark
15 Queen's Road Central, Hong Kong
Approximate date of commencement of proposed sale to the public: From time to time after the effective date of this registration statement.
If the only securities being registered on this Form are being offered pursuant to dividend or interest reinvestment plans, please check the following box. o
If any of the securities being registered on this Form are to be offered on a delayed or continuous basis pursuant to Rule 415 under the Securities Act of 1933, please check the following box. o
If this Form is filed to register additional securities for an offering pursuant to Rule 462(b) under the Securities Act, please check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. o
If this Form is a post-effective amendment filed pursuant to Rule 462(c) under the Securities Act, check the following box and list the Securities Act registration statement number of the earlier effective registration statement for the same offering. o
If this Form is a registration statement pursuant to General Instruction I.C. or a post-effective amendment thereto that shall become effective upon filing with the Commission pursuant to Rule 462(e) under the Securities Act, check the following box. þ
If this Form is a post-effective amendment to a registration statement filed pursuant to General Instruction I.C. filed to register additional securities or additional classes of securities pursuant to Rule 413(b) under the Securities Act, check the following box. o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is an emerging growth company as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act of 1933.
Emerging growth company o
If an emerging growth company that prepares its financial statements in accordance with U.S. GAAP, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards† provided pursuant to Section 7(a)(2)(B) of the Securities Act . o
† The term “new or revised financial accounting standard” refers to any update issued by the Financial Accounting Standards Board to its Accounting Standards Codification after April 5, 2012.
CALCULATION OF REGISTRATION FEE
|Title of Each Class of
Securities to be Registered
|Amount to be
|Proposed Maximum Offering Price per Ordinary Share(3)||Proposed Maximum
|Ordinary shares, par value US$0.001 per share(1)||66,000,000||US$||1.689||US$||111,474,000||US$||13,879|
|(1)||American depositary shares issuable upon deposit of the ordinary shares registered hereby have been registered under separate registration statements on Form F-6 (Registration No. 333-146765) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission. Each ADS represents twenty ordinary shares.|
|(2)||Pursuant to Rule 416(a) of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, this registration statement also covers such additional ordinary shares of Fanhua Inc., or the Registrant, as may hereafter be offered or issued by reason of any share dividend, share split, bonus issue, recapitalization or similar transaction effected without the Registrant’s receipt of consideration which would increase the number of outstanding ordinary shares.|
The proposed maximum aggregate offering price, estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the registration fee, has been computed pursuant to Rule 457(c) promulgated under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and is based on the average of the high and low sales prices of the Registrant’s American depository shares on June 21, 2018, as reported on the NASDAQ Global Select Market.
Pursuant to Rule 457(p) under the Securities Act, the registrant is offsetting the registration fee due under this registration statement by $6,954.00, which represents the portion of the registration fee previously paid with respect to $60,000,000.00 of unsold securities previously registered on the registration statement on Form F-3 (File No. 333-217946), initially filed on 05/12/2017.
3,300,000 American Depositary shares
representing 66,000,000 ORDINARY SHARES
This prospectus relates to the proposed resale or other disposition of up to 66,000,000 ordinary shares of Fanhua Inc., par value US$0.001 per share (or 3,300,000 American depositary shares, or ADSs, representing such shares), by the selling shareholder identified in this prospectus. We are not selling any ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) under this prospectus and will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale or other disposition of ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) by the selling shareholder.
The selling shareholder or their pledgees, assignees or successors-in-interest may offer and sell or otherwise dispose of the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) described in this prospectus from time to time through public or private transactions at prevailing market prices, at prices related to prevailing market prices or at privately negotiated prices. The selling shareholder will bear all commissions and discounts, if any, attributable to the sale of ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares). We will bear all other costs, expenses and fees in connection with the registration of the shares. See “Plan of Distribution” beginning on page 24 for more information about how the selling shareholder may sell or dispose of its ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares).
Our ADSs, each representing 20 ordinary shares, are listed on the NASDAQ Global Select Market, or the NASDAQ, under the ticker symbol “FANH.” On June 22, 2018, the last reported closing price of our ADSs on NASDAQ was US$35.23 per ADS.
Investing in our ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) involves a high degree of risk. Before making an investment decision, please read the information under the heading “Risk Factors” beginning on page 6 of this prospectus and in the documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus.
NEITHER THE SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION NOR ANY STATE SECURITIES COMMISSION HAS APPROVED OR DISAPPROVED OF THESE SECURITIES OR DETERMINED IF THIS PROSPECTUS IS TRUTHFUL OR COMPLETE. ANY REPRESENTATION TO THE CONTRARY IS A CRIMINAL OFFENSE.
The date of this prospectus is June 25, 2018.
|ABOUT THIS PROSPECTUS||1|
|WHERE YOU CAN FIND MORE INFORMATION ABOUT US||2|
|INCORPORATION OF DOCUMENTS BY REFERENCE||3|
|SPECIAL NOTE REGARDING FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS||4|
|USE OF PROCEEDS||8|
|DESCRIPTION OF SHARE CAPITAL||9|
|DESCRIPTION OF AMERICAN DEPOSITARY SHARES||15|
|PLAN OF DISTRIBUTION||24|
|ENFORCEABILITY OF CIVIL LIABILITIES||26|
Before you invest in our securities, you should read this prospectus together with the additional information described under the heading “Where You Can Find More Information About Us” and “Incorporation of Documents by Reference.”
In this prospectus, unless otherwise indicated or unless the context otherwise requires,
|●||“we,” “us,” “our company,” “our” or “Fanhua” refers to Fanhua Inc., its predecessor entities and its subsidiaries;|
|●||“China” or “PRC” refers to the People’s Republic of China, excluding Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macau;|
|●||“provinces” of China refer to the 32 provinces, the four municipalities directly administered by the central government (Beijing, Shanghai, Tianjin and Chongqing) and the five autonomous regions (Xinjiang, Tibet, Inner Mongolia, Ningxia and Guangxi);|
|●||“shares” or “ordinary shares” refer to our ordinary shares, par value US$0.001 per share;|
|●||“ADSs” refer to the American depositary shares, each of which represents 20 of our ordinary shares;|
|●||“RMB” or “Renminbi” refers to the legal currency of China and “$,” “dollars,” “US$” and “U.S. dollars” refer to the legal currency of the United States; and|
|●||all discrepancies in any table between the amounts identified as total amounts and the sum of the amounts listed therein are due to rounding.|
This prospectus is part of a registration statement on Form F-3 that we filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, or the SEC, using a “shelf” registration process permitted under Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act. Under this shelf registration process, certain selling shareholder may from time to time sell ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) described in this prospectus in one or more offerings.
We have not authorized anyone to give any information or to make any representation other than those contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. You must not rely upon any information or representation not contained or incorporated by reference in this prospectus. The selling shareholder are offering to sell, and seeking offers to buy, ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) only in jurisdictions where it is lawful to do so. This prospectus does not constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy any ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) other than the registered shares to which they relate, nor does this prospectus constitute an offer to sell or the solicitation of an offer to buy shares in any jurisdiction to any person to whom it is unlawful to make such offer or solicitation in such jurisdiction. You should not assume that the information contained in this prospectus is accurate on any date subsequent to the date set forth on the front of the document or that any information we have incorporated by reference is correct on any date subsequent to the date of the document incorporated by reference, even though this prospectus is delivered or shares are sold on a later date.
We are subject to periodic reporting and other informational requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, as applicable to foreign private issuers. Accordingly, we are required to file reports, including annual reports on Form 20-F, and other information with the SEC. All information filed with the SEC is available through the SEC’s Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis and Retrieval system, which may be accessed through the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov. Information filed with the SEC may also be inspected and copied at the public reference room maintained by the SEC at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. You may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. You can request copies of these documents upon payment of a duplicating fee from the SEC. Please visit the SEC’s website at www.sec.gov for further information on the SEC’s public reference room.
Our website address is http://www.fanhuaholdings.com. The information on our web site, however, is not, and should not be deemed to be, a part of this prospectus or any accompanying prospectus supplement.
This prospectus and any prospectus supplement are part of a registration statement that we filed with the SEC and do not contain all of the information in the registration statement. The full registration statement may be obtained from the SEC or us, as indicated below. Forms of the documents establishing the terms of the offered securities are or may be filed as exhibits to the registration statement. Statements in this prospectus or any prospectus supplement about these documents are summaries and each statement is qualified in all respects by reference to the document to which it refers. You should refer to the actual documents for a more complete description of the relevant matters. You may inspect a copy of the registration statement at the SEC’s Public Reference Room in Washington, D.C., as well as through the SEC’s website.
As a foreign private issuer, we are exempt under the Exchange Act from, among other things, the rules prescribing the furnishing and content of proxy statements, and our executive officers, directors and principal shareholders are exempt from the reporting and short-swing profit recovery provisions contained in Section 16 of the Exchange Act. In addition, we are not required under the Exchange Act to file periodic reports and financial statements with the SEC as frequently or as promptly as U.S. companies whose securities are registered under the Exchange Act. However, we intend to furnish the depositary with our annual reports, which will include discussions of our business and results of operations and annual audited consolidated financial statements prepared in conformity with United States generally accepted accounting principles, and all notices of shareholders’ meeting and other reports and communications that are made generally available to our shareholders. The depositary will make such notices, reports and communications available to holders of ADSs and, upon our request, will mail to all record holders of ADSs the information contained in any notice of a shareholders’ meeting received by the depositary from us.
The SEC allows us to “incorporate by reference” the information we file with them. This means that we can disclose important information to you by referring you to those documents. Each document incorporated by reference is current only as of the date of such document, and the incorporation by reference of such documents shall not create any implication that there has been no change in our affairs since the date thereof or that the information contained therein is current as of any time subsequent to its date. The information incorporated by reference is considered to be a part of this prospectus and should be read with the same care. When we update the information contained in documents that have been incorporated by reference by making future filings with the SEC, the information incorporated by reference in this prospectus is considered to be automatically updated and superseded. In other words, in the case of a conflict or inconsistency between information contained in this prospectus and information incorporated by reference into this prospectus, you should rely on the information contained in the document that was filed later. This means that you must look at all of the SEC filings that we incorporate by reference to determine if any of the statements in this prospectus or in any documents previously incorporated by reference have been modified or superseded.
We incorporate by reference into this prospectus the following documents:
|●||our annual report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 filed with the SEC on April 20, 2018, including the amendment filed with the SEC on June 25, 2018 as well as any future amendment thereto;|
|●||our current report on Form 6-K filed with the SEC on May 22, 2018;|
|●||Exhibit 15.5 of our annual report on Form 20-F filed with the SEC on April 19, 2017, being the consolidated financial statements of Sincere Fame International Limited for the year ended December 31, 2016 and 2015, and the audit report of KPMG Huazhen LLP for the 2016 consolidated financial statements;|
|●||the description of our securities contained in our registration statement on Form 8-A (File No. 001-33768), filed with the SEC on October 25, 2007 pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Exchange Act, including all amendments and reports subsequently filed for the purpose of updating that description; and|
|●||all our future annual reports on Form 20-F and any amendment thereto and any report on Form 6-K that so indicates it is being incorporated by reference, that we file with the SEC on or after the date on which this registration statement is first filed with the SEC and until the termination or completion of the offering by means of this prospectus.|
Our annual report on Form 20-F for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 filed on April 20, 2018 contains a description of our business and audited consolidated financial statements with a report by our independent registered accounting firm. These financial statements are prepared in accordance with United States generally accepted accounting principles.
Unless expressly incorporated by reference, nothing in this prospectus shall be deemed to incorporate by reference information furnished to, but not filed with, the SEC. Copies of all documents incorporated by reference in this prospectus, other than exhibits to those documents unless such exhibits are specially incorporated by reference in this prospectus, will be provided at no cost to each person, including any beneficial owner, who receives a copy of this prospectus on the written or oral request of that person made to:
27/F, Pearl River Tower
No. 15 West Zhujiang Road
Guangzhou, Guangdong 510623
People’s Republic of China
Attention: Investor Relations Department
These documents may also be accessed through our website at http://www.fanhuaholdings.com or as described under the heading “Where You Can Find More Information About Us” above. The information contained in, or that can be accessed through, our website is not a part of this prospectus or any accompanying prospectus supplement.
This prospectus, including the documents incorporated by reference herein and therein, any prospectus supplement and related free writing prospectus that we may authorize for use in connection with this offering, contain forward-looking statements concerning our business, operations and financial performance and condition, as well as our plans, objectives and expectations for our business operations and financial performance and condition. These statements, which are not statements of historical fact, may contain estimates, assumptions, projections and/or expectations regarding future events, which may or may not occur. In some cases, you can identify these forward-looking statements by terminology such as “may,” “will,” “expect,” “anticipate,” “aim,” “forecast,” “intend,” “plan,” “predict,” “propose,” “potential,” “continue,” “believe,” “estimate,” “is/are likely to,” or the negative of these terms, and other similar expressions. We have based these forward-looking statements largely on our current expectations and projections about future events and financial trends that we believe may affect our financial condition, results of operations, business strategy and financial needs. These forward-looking statements include statements relating to:
|●||our anticipated growth strategies;|
|●||the anticipated growth of our life insurance business;|
|●||the anticipated growth of our e-commerce business;|
|●||our future business development, results of operations and financial condition;|
|●||factors that affect our future revenues and expenses;|
|●||the future growth of the Chinese insurance industry as a whole and the professional insurance intermediary sector in particular;|
|●||trends and competition in the Chinese insurance industry; and|
|●||economic and demographic trends in the PRC.|
We do not guarantee that the transactions and events described in this prospectus, any prospectus supplement or related free writing prospectus will happen as described or at all. You should read this prospectus, any accompanying prospectus supplement and any related free writing prospectus completely and with the understanding that actual future results may be materially different from what we expect. We qualify all of our forward-looking statements by these cautionary statements.
We would like to caution you not to place undue reliance on the forward-looking statements we make, and you should read these statements in conjunction with the risk factors set forth under the heading “Risk Factors” in this prospectus for a more complete discussion of the risks of an investment in our securities. These risk factors are not exhaustive. We operate in an emerging and evolving environment. New risk factors emerge from time to time and it is impossible for our management to predict all risk factors, nor can we assess the impact of all risk factors on our business or the extent to which any factor, or combination of factors, may cause actual results to differ materially from those contained in any forward-looking statement.
The forward-looking statements made in this prospectus, the accompanying prospectus supplement or free writing prospectus relate only to events as of the date on which the statements are made. You should not rely upon forward-looking statements as predictions of future events. We undertake no obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required under applicable law. For all forward-looking statements, we claim the protection of the safe harbor for forward-looking statements contained in the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995.
We are a leading independent online-to-offline financial services provider in China. Through our online platforms and offline sales and service network, we distribute to individual and institutional customers in China a wide variety of property, casualty and life insurance products underwritten by domestic and foreign insurance companies operating in China and provide insurance claims adjusting services, such as damage assessments, surveys, authentications and loss estimations.
We distribute insurance products to customers primarily through our sales agents, and provide claims adjustment services through our claims adjustors. With 579,348 sales agents, 1,253 claims adjustors and 683 sales and service outlets as of March 31, 2018, our distribution and service network reaches 30 out of 31 provinces in China, including some of the most economically developed regions and affluent cities.
Technological developments and the growth of mobile internet access have significantly changed the way we operate our business.
We operate several online platforms, which we define as websites and Internet-enabled applications that aggregate insurance product offerings from various insurance companies:
|●||CNpad Auto - internet-based application for our sales agents, through which they can access and purchase auto insurance products from multiple insurance companies on their mobile devices for their clients. CNpad Auto had 418,342 activated accounts as of March 31, 2018.|
|●||Baowang (www.baoxian.com) - an online insurance platform that allows customers to directly compare and shop for hundreds of accident, health, travel and homeowner insurance products from dozens of insurance companies online. As of March 31, 2018, Baowang has over 1.6 Million registered members.|
|●||Lan Zhanggui - an internet-based all-in-one application which integrates our existing online platforms and allows our agents to access and purchase a wide variety of insurance products, including life insurance, auto insurance, accident insurance, travel insurance, and standard health insurance products from multiple insurance companies, through one integrated account on mobile devices. As of March 31, 2018, Lan Zhanggui has over 579,348 registered users.|
|●||eHuzhu (www.ehuzhu.com) - an online non-profit mutual aid platform that provides low-cost alternative risk-protection programs on a mutual aid basis among program members. eHuzhu primarily offers programs that cover mutual aid for cancer for three different age groups and accidental death. When a member signs up for a program offered by eHuzhu, he or she agrees to provide financial aid to and is entitled to receive financial aid from other program members in case of any claims covered under such program. The amount of financial aid that each member can claim is up to RMB300,000, with the maximum contribution from each member limited to RMB3 for each valid claim. As of March 31, 2018, eHuzhu has attracted over 3.1million registered members.|
As of March 31, 2018, we had one e-commerce insurance platform and one online mutual aid platform, and 12 insurance intermediary companies in the PRC, of which nine were insurance agencies including two with national operating licenses and three were insurance claims adjusting firms. We also own (i) 20.6% of the equity interests in Sincere Fame International Limited, a financial service company which is primarily engaged in the origination and management of small loans made to individuals, loan repackaging and mortgage agency services to individuals, (ii) 15.4% of the equity interests in Fanhua Puyi Fund Sales Co., Ltd., a wealth management service company, and (iii) 8.9% of the equity interests in Shenzhen Chetong Network Co., Ltd., an online insurance claims services provider.
The professional insurance intermediary sector in China is still in its early stage of development. We believe this offers substantial opportunities for further growth. The proliferation of internet access also presents us with lots of opportunities to improve our operation efficiency and directly reach out to a much broader customer base. We intend to take advantage of these opportunities to increase our market share by aggressively expanding our sales force and offline distribution and service network, broadening our product portfolio and developing our online platforms,.
Investment in any securities offered pursuant to this prospectus involves risks. You should carefully consider the risk factors incorporated by reference from our most recent Annual Report on Form 20-F and any subsequent Annual Reports on Form 20-F we file after the date of this prospectus, and all other information contained or incorporated by reference into this prospectus or the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part, as updated by our subsequent filings under the Exchange Act, and the risk factors and other information contained in any applicable prospectus supplement before acquiring any of such securities. The occurrence of any of these risks might cause you to lose all or part of your investment in the offered securities.
CAPITALIZATION AND INDEBTEDNESS
The following table sets forth our capitalization and indebtedness as of December 31, 2017 and is derived from our audited consolidated financial statements. The financial data in the following table should be read in conjunction with our financial data and notes thereto incorporated by reference herein.
|As of December 31, |
|Additional paid-in capital(1)||373,416|
|Accumulated other comprehensive loss||(14,310||)|
|(1)||Subsequent to December 31, 2017, we have issued 1.6 million ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) for the exercise of options by directors.|
We will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) in this offering. The selling shareholder will receive all of the proceeds from this offering.
The selling shareholder will pay any underwriting discounts and commissions and stock transfer taxes incurred by the selling shareholder for brokerage, or legal services or any other expenses incurred by the selling shareholder in disposing of the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares). We will bear all other fees and expenses incurred in effecting the registration of the ordinary shares covered by this prospectus, including registration and filing fees, fees and expenses of our counsel and our independent registered public accountants or independent auditors.
We are a Cayman Islands exempted company and our affairs are governed by our amended and restated memorandum and articles of association and the Companies Law, Cap. 22 (2018 Revision) of the Cayman Islands, which is referred to as the Companies Law below.
As of March 31, 2018, our authorized share capital consists of 10,000,000,000 ordinary shares, with a par value of US$0.001 each. As of March 31, 2018, 1,300,191,084 ordinary shares were issued and outstanding.
The following is a summary of the material provisions of our amended and restated memorandum and articles of association and the Companies Law insofar as they relate to the material terms of our ordinary shares. The following discussion primarily concerns ordinary shares and the rights of holders of ordinary shares. Holders of our ADSs will not be treated as our shareholders and their rights are subject to the deposit agreement. See “Description of American Depositary Shares.”
General. Our authorized share capital consists of 10,000,000,000 ordinary shares, with a par value of US$0.001 each. All of our outstanding ordinary shares are fully paid and non-assessable. Certificates representing the ordinary shares are issued in registered form. Our shareholders who are nonresidents of the Cayman Islands may freely hold and vote their shares.
Dividend Rights. The holders of our ordinary shares are entitled to such dividends as may be declared by our board of directors subject to the Companies Law.
Voting Rights. On a show of hands, each shareholder present in person or by proxy (or, for a corporation or other non-natural person, present by its duly authorized representative or proxy) at general meeting shall have one vote and on a poll, shall have one vote for each share registered in his name in the register of members of our company. Voting at any meeting of shareholders is by show of hands unless a poll is demanded. A poll may be demanded by the chairman of the meeting or by any one or more shareholders together holding at least ten percent of our paid up voting share capital, present in person or by proxy.
A quorum required for a meeting of shareholders consists of shareholders holding in aggregate not less than one-third of our issued voting share capital present in person or by proxy or, if a corporation or other non-natural person, by its duly authorized representative. We may, but are not obliged, to hold an annual general meeting of shareholders. General meetings may be convened by our board of directors on its own initiative or upon a request to the directors by shareholders holding in aggregate not less than one-third of our voting share capital. Advance notice of at least 14 days is required for the convening of our annual general meeting and other shareholders meetings.
An ordinary resolution to be passed by the shareholders requires the affirmative vote of a simple majority of the votes attaching to the ordinary shares cast in a general meeting, while a special resolution requires the affirmative vote of no less than two-thirds of the votes attaching to the ordinary shares cast in a general meeting. A special resolution is required for important matters such as a change of name. Holders of the ordinary shares may effect certain changes by ordinary resolution, including consolidating and dividing all or any of our share capital into shares of larger amount than our existing shares, and canceling any shares which have not been taken or agreed to be taken.
Transfer of Shares. Subject to the restrictions of our articles of association, as applicable, any of our shareholders may transfer all or any of his or her ordinary shares by an instrument of transfer in the usual or common form or any other form approved by our board.
Liquidation. On a return of capital on winding up or otherwise (other than on conversion, redemption or purchase of shares), assets available for distribution among the holders of ordinary shares may be distributed among the holders of the ordinary shares as determined by the liquidator, subject to sanction of an ordinary resolution of our company.
Calls on Shares and Forfeiture of Shares. Our board of directors may from time to time make calls upon shareholders for any amounts unpaid on their shares in a notice served to such shareholders at least 14 days prior to the specified time of payment. The shares that have been called upon and remain unpaid on the specified time are subject to forfeiture.
Redemption, Repurchase and Surrender of Shares. Subject to the provisions of the Companies Law and our articles of association, we may issue shares on terms that they are subject to redemption, at our option or at the option of the holders, on such terms and in such manner as our board of directors may determine before the issue of such shares. We also may purchase our own shares, provided that our shareholders have approved the manner of purchase by ordinary resolution or the manner of purchase is in accordance with that specified in our articles of association. The manner of purchase specified in our articles of association, which cover purchases of shares listed on an internationally recognized stock exchange and shares not so listed, is in accordance with Section 37(2) of the Companies Law or any modification or reenactment thereof for the time being in force. In addition, our company may accept the surrender of any fully paid share for no consideration. Pursuant to the Companies Law as amended, upon the repurchase, redemption or surrender of shares, instead of cancelling them the board of directors can determine whether or not to cancel those shares or hold them as treasury shares pending cancellation, transfer or sale. The company must obtain authorization to hold such shares as treasury shares either in accordance with the procedures set out in our articles of association or (if there are none) by a board resolution before being repurchased, redeemed or surrendered in accordance with the usual rules and articles.
Variations of Rights of Shares. All or any of the special rights attached to any class of shares may, subject to the provisions of the Companies Law, be varied either with the written consent of the holders of a majority of the issued shares of that class or with the sanction of a special resolution passed at a general meeting of the holders of the shares of that class.
Inspection of Books and Records. Holders of our ordinary shares have no general right under Cayman Islands law to inspect or obtain copies of our list of shareholders or our corporate records. However, we make our annual reports, which contain our audited financial statements, available to our shareholders.
We are an exempted company with limited liability under the Companies Law. The Companies Law distinguishes between ordinary resident companies and exempted companies. Any company that is registered in the Cayman Islands but conducts business mainly outside of the Cayman Islands may apply to be registered as an exempted company. The requirements for an exempted company are essentially the same as for an ordinary company except that an exempted company:
|●||does not have to file an annual return of its shareholders with the Registrar of Companies;|
|●||is not required to open its register of members for inspection;|
|●||does not have to hold an annual general meeting;|
|●||may issue negotiable or bearer shares or shares with no par value;|
|●||may obtain an undertaking against the imposition of any future taxation (such undertakings are usually given for 20 years in the first instance);|
|●||may register by way of continuation in another jurisdiction and be deregistered in the Cayman Islands;|
|●||may register as a limited duration company; and|
|●||may register as a segregated portfolio company.|
“Limited liability” means that the liability of each shareholder is limited to the amount unpaid by the shareholder on the shares of the company (except in exceptional circumstances, such as involving fraud, the establishment of an agency relationship or an illegal or improper purpose or other circumstances in which a court may be prepared to pierce or lift the corporate veil).
Differences in Corporate Law
The Companies Law is derived, to a large extent, from the older Companies Acts of England but does not follow recent United Kingdom statutory enactments, and accordingly there are significant differences between the Companies Law and the current Companies Act of England. In addition, the Companies Law differs from laws applicable to United States corporations and their shareholders. Set forth below is a summary of the significant differences between the provisions of the Companies Law applicable to us and the laws applicable to companies incorporated in the State of Delaware and their shareholders.
Mergers and Similar Arrangements. The Companies Law permits mergers and consolidations between Cayman Islands companies and between Cayman Islands companies and non-Cayman Islands companies.
For these purposes, (a) “merger” means the merging of two or more constituent companies and the vesting of their undertaking, property and liabilities in one of such companies as the surviving company and (b) a “consolidation” means the combination of two or more constituent companies into a consolidated company and the vesting of the undertaking, property and liabilities of such companies to the consolidated company.
In order to effect such a merger or consolidation, the directors of each constituent company must approve a written plan of merger or consolidation, or the Plan, which must then be authorized by (a) a special resolution of the shareholders of each constituent company, and (b) such other authorization, if any, as may be specified in such constituent company’s articles of association. The Plan must be filed with the Registrar of Companies together with a declaration as to the solvency of the consolidated or surviving company, a declaration as to the assets and liabilities of each constituent company and an undertaking that a copy of the certificate of merger or consolidation will be given to the members and creditors of each constituent company and that notification of the merger or consolidation will be published in the Cayman Islands Gazette.
Dissenting shareholders have the right to be paid the fair value of their shares (which, if not agreed between the parties, will be determined by the Cayman Islands court) if they follow the required procedures, subject to certain exceptions. Court approval is not required for a merger or consolidation which is effected in compliance with these statutory procedures.
In addition, there are statutory provisions that facilitate the reconstruction and amalgamation of companies, provided that the arrangement is approved by a majority in number of each class of shareholders or creditors with whom the arrangement is to be made, and who must in addition represent three-fourths in value of each such class of shareholders or creditors, as the case may be, that are present and voting either in person or by proxy at a meeting, or meetings, convened for that purpose. The convening of the meetings and subsequently the arrangement must be sanctioned by the Grand Court of the Cayman Islands. While a dissenting shareholder has the right to express to the court the view that the transaction ought not to be approved, the Grand Court can be expected to approve the arrangement if it determines that:
|●||the statutory provisions as to the required majority vote have been met;|
|●||the shareholders have been fairly represented at the meeting in question and the statutory majority are acting bona fide without coercion of the minority to promote interests adverse to those of the class;|
|●||the arrangement is such that may be reasonably approved by an intelligent and honest man of that class acting in respect of his interest; and|
|●||the arrangement is not one that would more properly be sanctioned under some other provision of the Companies Law.|
When a take-over offer is made and accepted by holders of 90% of the shares affected within four months, the offeror may, within a two-month period commencing on the expiration of such four month period, require the holders of the remaining shares to transfer such shares according to the terms of the offer. An objection can be made to the Grand Court of the Cayman Islands but this is unlikely to succeed in the case of an offer which has been so approved unless there is evidence of fraud, bad faith or collusion.
If an arrangement and reconstruction is thus approved, the dissenting shareholder would have no rights comparable to appraisal rights, which would otherwise ordinarily be available to dissenting shareholders of Delaware corporations, providing rights to receive payment in cash for the judicially determined value of the shares.
In principle, we will normally be the proper plaintiff to sue for a wrong done to us as a company and as a general rule a derivative action may not be brought by a minority shareholder. However, based on English authorities, which would in all likelihood be of persuasive authority in the Cayman Islands, the Cayman Islands courts can be expected to apply and follow common law principles (namely the rule in Foss v. Harbottle and the exceptions thereto) so that a minority shareholder may be permitted to commence a class action against the company or a derivative action in the name of the company to challenge certain acts, including the following:
|●||a company acts or proposes to act illegally or ultra vires;|
|●||the act complained of, although not ultra vires, could only be effected duly if authorized by more than a simple majority vote that has not been obtained; and|
|●||those who control the company are perpetrating a “fraud on the minority.”|
Indemnification. Cayman Islands law does not limit the extent to which a company’s articles of association may provide for indemnification of officers and directors, except to the extent any such provision may be held by the Cayman Islands courts to be contrary to public policy, such as to provide indemnification against civil fraud or the consequences of committing a crime.
Our amended and restated memorandum and articles of association provide for indemnification of officers and directors for losses, damages, costs and expenses incurred in their capacity as such, except through their own willful neglect or default.
We have entered into indemnification agreements with our directors and executive officers to indemnify them to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law and our articles of association, from and against all costs, charges, expenses, liabilities and losses incurred in connection with any litigation, suit or proceeding to which such director is or is threatened to be made a party, witness or other participant.
Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers or persons controlling us under the foregoing provisions, we have been advised that in the opinion of the SEC such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and therefore is unenforceable.
Directors’ Fiduciary Duties. Under Delaware corporate law, a director of a Delaware corporation has a fiduciary duty to the corporation and its shareholders. This duty has two components: the duty of care and the duty of loyalty. The duty of care requires that a director act in good faith, with the care that an ordinarily prudent person would exercise under similar circumstances. Under this duty, a director must inform himself of, and disclose to shareholders, all material information reasonably available regarding a significant transaction. The duty of loyalty requires that a director acts in a manner he reasonably believes to be in the best interests of the corporation. He must not use his corporate position for personal gain or advantage. This duty prohibits self-dealing by a director and mandates that the best interest of the corporation and its shareholders take precedence over any interest possessed by a director, officer or controlling shareholder and not shared by the shareholders generally. In general, actions of a director are presumed to have been made on an informed basis, in good faith and in the honest belief that the action taken was in the best interests of the corporation. However, this presumption may be rebutted by evidence of a breach of one of the fiduciary duties. Should such evidence be presented concerning a transaction by a director, the director must prove the procedural fairness of the transaction, and that the transaction was of fair value to the corporation.
As a matter of Cayman Islands law, a director of a Cayman Islands company is in the position of a fiduciary with respect to the company and therefore it is considered that he owes the following duties to the company—a duty to act in good faith in the best interests of the company, a duty not to make a personal profit based on his position as director (unless the company permits him to do so), a duty not to put himself in a position where the interests of the company conflict with his personal interest or his duty to a third party and a duty to exercise powers for the purpose for which such powers were intended. A director of a Cayman Islands company owes to the company a duty to act with skill and care. Our directors also have a duty to exercise the skill they actually possess and such care and diligence that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in comparable circumstances. In fulfilling their duty of care to us, our directors must ensure compliance with our amended and restated memorandum and articles of association as amended and restated from time to time.
Shareholder Action by Written Consent. Under the Delaware General Corporation Law, a corporation may eliminate the right of shareholders to act by written consent by amendment to its certificate of incorporation. Cayman Islands law and our amended and restated articles of association provide that shareholders may approve corporate matters by way of a unanimous written resolution signed by or on behalf of each shareholder who would have been entitled to vote on such matter at a general meeting without a meeting being held.
Shareholder Proposals. Under the Delaware General Corporation Law, a shareholder has the right to put any proposal before the annual meeting of shareholders, provided it complies with the notice provisions in the governing documents. A special meeting may be called by the board of directors or any other person authorized to do so in the governing documents, but shareholders may be precluded from calling special meetings.
Cayman Islands law provides shareholders with only limited rights to requisition a general meeting, and does not provide shareholders with any right to put any proposal before a general meeting. However, these rights may be provided in articles of association. Our amended and restated articles of association allow our shareholders holding not less than one-third of the voting share capital of our company to requisition a shareholder’s meeting, in which case our directors are obliged to call such meeting and to put the resolutions so requisitioned to a vote at such meeting. Other than this right to requisition a shareholders’ meeting, our amended and restated articles of association do not provide our shareholders other right to put proposal before a meeting. As an exempted Cayman Islands company, we are not obliged by law to call shareholders’ annual general meetings.
Cumulative Voting. Under the Delaware General Corporation Law, cumulative voting for elections of directors is not permitted unless the corporation’s certificate of incorporation specifically provides for it. Cumulative voting potentially facilitates the representation of minority shareholders on a board of directors since it permits the minority shareholder to cast all the votes to which the shareholder is entitled on a single director, which increases the shareholder’s voting power with respect to electing such director. There are no prohibitions in relation to cumulative voting under the laws of the Cayman Islands but our amended and restated articles of association do not provide for cumulative voting. As a result, our shareholders are not afforded any less protections or rights on this issue than shareholders of a Delaware corporation.
Transactions with Interested Shareholders. The Delaware General Corporation Law contains a business combination statute applicable to Delaware corporations whereby, unless the corporation has specifically elected not to be governed by such statute by amendment to its certificate of incorporation, it is prohibited from engaging in certain business combinations with an “interested shareholder” for three years following the date that such person becomes an interested shareholder. An interested shareholder generally is a person or a group who or which owns or owned 15% or more of the target’s outstanding voting stock within the past three years. This has the effect of limiting the ability of a potential acquirer to make a two-tiered bid for the target in which all shareholders would not be treated equally. The statute does not apply if, among other things, prior to the date on which such shareholder becomes an interested shareholder, the board of directors approves either the business combination or the transaction which resulted in the person becoming an interested shareholder. This encourages any potential acquirer of a Delaware corporation to negotiate the terms of any acquisition transaction with the target’s board of directors.
Cayman Islands law has no comparable statute. As a result, we cannot avail ourselves of the types of protections afforded by the Delaware business combination statute. However, although Cayman Islands law does not regulate transactions between a company and its significant shareholders, it does provide that such transactions must be entered into bona fide in the best interests of the company, for a proper corporate purpose and not with the effect of constituting a fraud on the minority shareholders.
Amendment of Governing Documents. Under the Delaware General Corporation Law, a corporation’s governing documents may be amended with the approval of a majority of the outstanding shares entitled to vote, unless the certificate of incorporation provides otherwise. As permitted by Cayman Islands law, our amended and restated memorandum and articles of association may only be amended with a special resolution of our shareholders.
Rights of Non-resident or Foreign Shareholders. There are no limitations imposed by our amended and restated memorandum and articles of association on the rights of non-resident or foreign shareholders to hold or exercise voting rights on our shares. In addition, there are no provisions in our amended and restated memorandum and articles of association governing the ownership threshold above which shareholder ownership must be disclosed.
All of the 66,000,000 ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) being offered by Fosun Industrial Holdings Limited (the “Selling Shareholder”) were originally issued and sold by us in a private placement in March of 2017. We entered into a share purchase agreement with Fosun Industrial Holdings Limited on March 29, 2017, pursuant to which 66,000,000 ordinary shares were sold at US$0.44185 per share (the “Share Purchase Agreement”). The 66,000,000 ordinary shares sold under the Share Purchase Agreement are referred to as the “Shares”.
We are registering the Shares (or ADSs representing such Shares) to permit the Selling Shareholder, and their pledgees, donees, transferees or other successors-in-interest that receive their shares after the date of this prospectus, to resell or otherwise dispose of the Shares in the manner contemplated under “Plan of Distribution” below. Information concerning the Selling Shareholder may change from time to time. This prospectus may be supplemented or amended from time to time as appropriate to update the information set forth below and to identify any additional selling shareholder who may offer ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) hereunder.
The table below sets forth certain information concerning the Selling Shareholder and the securities that such Selling Shareholder may offer and sell from time to time under this prospectus. The Selling Shareholder may sell or transfer all or a portion of the Shares held by it pursuant to any available exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act.
Prior to Offering(1)
Being Offered Hereby
|Fosun Industrial Holdings Limited(4)||66,000,000||5.08||%||66,000,000||5.08||%||0||0|
|(1)||Beneficial ownership is determined in accordance with the rules and regulations of the SEC and includes voting or investment power with respect to our ordinary shares. In computing the number of shares beneficially owned by a person and the percentage ownership of that person, we have included shares that the person has the right to acquire within 60 days, including through the exercise of any option, warrant or other right or the conversion of any other security.|
|(2)||The respective percentages of beneficial ownership of our ordinary shares are calculated based on 1,300,191,084 of our ordinary shares outstanding as of March 31, 2018 as well as the applicable number of our ordinary shares that may be acquired by such Selling Shareholder within 60 days of March 31, 2018.|
|(3)||Assumes that all shares being registered in this prospectus (or ADSs representing such shares) are resold to third parties and that with respect to a particular Selling Shareholder, such Selling Shareholder sells all ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) registered under this prospectus held by such Selling Shareholder.|
|(4)||The registered office of Fosun Industrial Holdings Limited is Room 808, ICBC Tower, 3 Garden Road, Central, Hong Kong.|
American Depositary Shares
JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A., as depositary, will issue the ADSs representing the ordinary shares. Each ADS will represent an ownership interest in ordinary shares which the selling shareholder will deposit with the custodian, as agent of the depositary, under the deposit agreement among ourselves, the depositary and yourself as an ADR (as defined below) holder. In the future, each ADS will also represent any securities, cash or other property deposited with the depositary but which have not been distributed directly to you. Unless specifically requested by you, all ADSs will be issued on the books of our depositary in book-entry form and periodic statements will be mailed to you which reflect your ownership interest in such ADSs. In our description, references to American depositary receipts, or ADRs, shall include the statements you will receive which reflect your ownership of ADSs.
The depositary’s office is located at Floor 11, 383 Madison Avenue, New York, New York 10179.
You may hold ADSs either directly or indirectly through your broker or other financial institution. If you hold ADSs directly, by having an ADS registered in your name on the books of the depositary, you are an ADR holder. This description assumes you hold your ADSs directly. If you hold the ADSs through your broker or financial institution nominee, you must rely on the procedures of such broker or financial institution to assert the rights of an ADR holder described in this section. You should consult with your broker or financial institution to find out what those procedures are.
Because the depositary’s nominee will actually be the registered owner of the shares, you must rely on it to exercise the rights of a shareholder on your behalf. The obligations of the depositary and its agents are set out in the deposit agreement. The deposit agreement and the ADSs are governed by New York law.
The following is a summary of the material terms of the deposit agreement. Because it is a summary, it does not contain all the information that may be important to you. For more complete information, you should read the entire deposit agreement and the form of ADR which contains the terms of your ADSs. You can read a copy of the deposit agreement which is filed as an exhibit to the registration statement of which this prospectus forms a part. You may also obtain a copy of the deposit agreement at the SEC’s Public Reference Room which is located at 100 F Street, N.E., Washington, D.C. 20549. You may obtain information on the operation of the Public Reference Room by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. You may also find the registration statement and the attached deposit agreement from the SEC’s website at http://www.sec.gov.
Share Dividends and Other Distributions
How will you Receive Dividends and Other Distributions on the Shares Underlying your ADSs?
We may make various types of distributions with respect to our shares. The depositary has agreed to pay to you the cash dividends or other distributions it or the custodian receives on shares or other deposited securities, after converting any cash received into U.S. dollars and, in all cases, making any necessary deductions provided for in the deposit agreement. You will receive these distributions in proportion to the number of underlying securities that your ADSs represent.
Except as stated below, to the extent the depositary is legally permitted it will deliver such distributions to ADR holders in proportion to their interests in the following manner:
Cash. The depositary will distribute any U.S. dollars available to it resulting from a cash dividend or other cash distribution or the net proceeds of sales of any other distribution or portion thereof (to the extent applicable), on an averaged or other practicable basis, subject to (a) appropriate adjustments for taxes withheld, (b) such distribution being impermissible or impracticable with respect to certain registered holders, and (c) deduction of the depositary’s expenses in (1) converting any foreign currency to U.S. dollars to the extent that it determines that such conversion may be made on a reasonable basis, (2) transferring foreign currency or U.S. dollars to the United States by such means as the depositary may determine to the extent that it determines that such transfer may be made on a reasonable basis, (3) obtaining any approval or license of any governmental authority required for such conversion or transfer, which is obtainable at a reasonable cost and within a reasonable time and (4) making any sale by public or private means in any commercially reasonable manner. If exchange rates fluctuate during a time when the depositary cannot convert a foreign currency, you may lose some or all of the value of the distribution.
Shares. In the case of a distribution in shares, the depositary will issue additional ADRs to evidence the number of ADSs representing such shares. Only whole ADSs will be issued. Any shares which would result in fractional ADSs will be sold and the net proceeds will be distributed in the same manner as cash to the ADR holders entitled thereto.
Rights to receive Additional Shares. In the case of a distribution of rights to subscribe for additional shares or other rights, if we provide satisfactory evidence that the depositary may lawfully distribute such rights, the depositary will distribute warrants or other instruments representing such rights. However, if we do not furnish such evidence, the depositary may:
|●||sell such rights if practicable and distribute the net proceeds as cash; or|
|●||if it is not practicable to sell such rights, do nothing and allow such rights to lapse, in which case ADR holders will receive nothing.|
We have no obligation to file a registration statement under the Securities Act in order to make any rights available to ADR holders.
Other Distributions. In the case of a distribution of securities or property other than those described above, the depositary may either (a) distribute such securities or property in any manner it deems equitable and practicable or (b) to the extent the depositary deems distribution of such securities or property not to be equitable and practicable, sell such securities or property and distribute any net proceeds in the same way it distributes cash.
If the depositary determines that any distribution described above is not practicable with respect to any specific ADR holder, the depositary may choose any practicable method of distribution for such ADR holder, including the distribution of foreign currency, securities or property, or it may retain such items, without paying interest on or investing them, on behalf of the ADR holder as deposited securities, in which case the ADSs will also represent the retained items.
Any U.S. dollars will be distributed by checks drawn on a bank in the United States for whole dollars and cents. Fractional cents will be withheld without liability for interest thereon and dealt with by the depositary in accordance with its then current practices.
The depositary is not responsible if it decides that it is unlawful or impractical to make a distribution available to any ADR holders.
There can be no assurance that the depositary will be able to convert any currency at a specified exchange rate or sell any property, rights, shares or other securities at a specified price, nor that any of such transactions can be completed within a specified time period.
Deposit, Withdrawal and Cancellation
How does the Depositary Issue ADSs?
The depositary will issue ADSs if you or your broker deposit shares or evidence of rights to receive shares with the custodian. In the case of the ADSs to be issued under this prospectus, we will arrange with the underwriters named herein to deposit such shares.
Shares deposited in the future with the custodian must be accompanied by certain delivery documentation, including instruments showing that such shares have been properly transferred or endorsed to the person on whose behalf the deposit is being made.
The custodian will hold all deposited shares (including those being deposited by or on our behalf in connection with the offering to which this prospectus relates) for the account of the depositary. ADR holders thus have no direct ownership interest in the shares and only have such rights as are contained in the deposit agreement. The custodian will also hold any additional securities, property and cash received on or in substitution for the deposited shares. The deposited shares and any such additional items are referred to as “deposited securities.”
Upon each deposit of shares, receipt of related delivery documentation and compliance with the other provisions of the deposit agreement, including the payment of the fees and charges of the depositary and any taxes or other fees or charges owing, the depositary will issue an ADR or ADRs in the name or upon the order of the person entitled thereto evidencing the number of ADSs to which such person is entitled. All of the ADSs issued will, unless specifically requested to the contrary, be part of the depositary’s direct registration system, and a registered holder will receive periodic statements from the depositary which will show the number of ADSs registered in such holder’s name. An ADR holder can request that the ADSs not be held through the depositary’s direct registration system and that a certificated ADR be issued.
How do ADR Holders Cancel an ADS and Obtain Deposited Securities?
When you turn in your ADSs at the depositary’s office, or when you provide proper instructions and documentation in the case of direct registration ADSs, the depositary will, upon payment of certain applicable fees, charges and taxes, deliver the underlying shares at the custodian’s office or effect delivery by such other means as the depositary deems practicable, including transfer to an account of an accredited financial institution on your behalf. At your risk, expense and request, the depositary may deliver deposited securities at such other place as you may request.
The depositary may only restrict the withdrawal of deposited securities in connection with:
|●||temporary delays caused by closing our transfer books or those of the depositary or the deposit of shares in connection with voting at a shareholders’ meeting, or the payment of dividends;|
|●||the payment of fees, taxes and similar charges; or|
|●||compliance with any U.S. or foreign laws or governmental regulations relating to the ADRs or to the withdrawal of deposited securities.|
This right of withdrawal may not be limited by any other provision of the deposit agreement.
The depositary may fix record dates for the determination of the ADR holders who will be entitled (or obligated, as the case may be):
|●||to receive a dividend, distribution or rights;|
|●||to give instructions for the exercise of voting rights at a meeting of holders of ordinary shares or other deposited securities;|
|●||for the determination of the registered holders who shall be responsible for the fee assessed by the depositary for administration of the ADR program and for any expenses as provided for in the ADR; or|
|●||to receive any notice or to act in respect of other matters all subject to the provisions of the deposit agreement.|
How do you Vote?
If you are an ADR holder and the depositary asks you to provide it with voting instructions, you may instruct the depositary how to exercise the voting rights for the shares which underlie your ADSs. After receiving voting materials from us, the depositary will notify the ADR holders of any shareholder meeting or solicitation of consents or proxies. This notice will state such information as it contained in the voting materials and describe how you may instruct the depositary to exercise the voting rights for the shares which underlie your ADSs and will include instructions for giving a discretionary proxy to a person designated by us. For instructions to be valid, the depositary must receive them in the manner and on or before the date specified. The depositary will try, as far as is practical, subject to the provisions of and governing the underlying shares or other deposited securities, to vote or to have its agents vote the shares or other deposited securities as you instruct. The depositary will only vote or attempt to vote as you instruct. The depositary will not itself exercise any voting discretion. Furthermore, neither the depositary nor its agents are responsible for any failure to carry out any voting instructions, for the manner in which any vote is cast or for the effect of any vote.
There is no guarantee that you will receive voting materials in time to instruct the depositary to vote and it is possible that you, or persons who hold their ADSs through brokers, dealers or other third parties, will not have the opportunity to exercise a right to vote.
Reports and Other Communications
Will you be Able to View our Reports?
The depositary will make available for inspection by ADR holders any written communications from us which are both received by the custodian or its nominee as a holder of deposited securities and made generally available to the holders of deposited securities. We will furnish these communications in English when so required by any rules or regulations of the SEC.
Additionally, if we make any written communications generally available to holders of our shares, including the depositary or the custodian, and we request the depositary to provide them to ADR holders, the depositary will mail copies of them, or, at its option, English translations or summaries of them to ADR holders.
Fees and Expenses
What Fees and Expenses Will you be Responsible for Paying?
ADR holders will be charged a fee for each issuance of ADSs, including issuances resulting from distributions of shares, rights and other property, and for each surrender of ADSs in exchange for deposited securities. The fee in each case is US$5.00 for each 100 ADSs (or any portion thereof) issued or surrendered.
The following additional charges shall be incurred by the ADR holders, by any party depositing or withdrawing shares or by any party surrendering ADRs or to whom ADRs are issued (including, without limitation, issuance pursuant to a stock dividend or stock split declared by us or an exchange of stock regarding the ADRs or the deposited securities or a distribution of ADRs), whichever is applicable:
|●||to the extent not prohibited by the rules of any stock exchange or interdealer quotation system upon which the ADSs are traded, a fee of US$1.50 per ADR or ADRs for transfers of certificated or direct registration ADRs;|
|●||a fee of US$0.02 or less per ADS (or portion thereof) for any cash distribution made pursuant to the deposit agreement;|
|●||a fee of up to US$0.05 per ADS per calendar year for services performed by the depositary in administering our ADR program (which fee shall be assessed against holders of ADRs as of the record date set by the depositary not more than once each calendar year and shall be payable in the manner described in the next succeeding provision);|
|●||any other charge payable by any of the depositary, any of the depositary’s agents, including, without limitation, the custodian, or the agents of the depositary’s agents in connection with the servicing of our shares or other deposited securities (which charge shall be assessed against registered holders of our ADRs as of the record date or dates set by the depositary and shall be payable at the sole discretion of the depositary by billing such registered holders or by deducting such charge from one or more cash dividends or other cash distributions);|
|●||a fee for the distribution of securities (or the sale of securities in connection with a distribution), such fee being in an amount equal to the fee for the execution and delivery of ADSs which would have been charged as a result of the deposit of such securities (treating all such securities as if they were shares) but which securities or the net cash proceeds from the sale thereof are instead distributed by the depositary to those holders entitled thereto;|
|●||stock transfer or other taxes and other governmental charges;|
|●||cable, telex and facsimile transmission and delivery charges incurred at your request;|
|●||transfer or registration fees for the registration of transfer of deposited securities on any applicable register in connection with the deposit or withdrawal of deposited securities;|
|●||expenses of the depositary in connection with the conversion of foreign currency into U.S. dollars; and|
|●||such fees and expenses as are incurred by the depositary (including without limitation expenses incurred in connection with compliance with foreign exchange control regulations or any law or regulation relating to foreign investment) in delivery of deposited securities or otherwise in connection with the depositary’s or its custodian’s compliance with applicable laws, rules or regulations.|
We will pay all other charges and expenses of the depositary and any agent of the depositary (except the custodian) pursuant to agreements from time to time between us and the depositary. The fees described above may be amended from time to time.
Our depositary has agreed to reimburse us for certain expenses we incur that are related to establishment and maintenance of the ADR program, including investor relations expenses and exchange application and listing fees. There are limits on the amount of expenses for which the depositary will reimburse us, but the amount of reimbursement available to us is not related to the amounts of fees the depositary collects from investors. The depositary collects its fees for issuance and cancellation of ADSs directly from investors depositing shares or surrendering ADSs for the purpose of withdrawal or from intermediaries acting for them. The depositary collects fees for making distributions to investors by deducting those fees from the amounts distributed or by selling a portion of distributable property to pay the fees. The depositary may collect its annual fee for depositary services by deduction from cash distributions, or by directly billing investors, or by charging the book-entry system accounts of participants acting for them. The depositary may generally refuse to provide services until its fees for those services and any other unpaid fees are paid.
Payment of Taxes
ADR holders must pay any tax or other governmental charge payable by the custodian or the depositary on any ADS or ADR, deposited security or distribution. If an ADR holder owes any tax or other governmental charge, the depositary may (a) deduct the amount thereof from any cash distributions, or (b) sell deposited securities and deduct the amount owing from the net proceeds of such sale. In either case the ADR holder remains liable for any shortfall. Additionally, if any tax or governmental charge is unpaid, the depositary may also refuse to effect any registration, registration of transfer, split-up or combination of deposited securities or withdrawal of deposited securities (except under limited circumstances mandated by securities regulations). If any tax or governmental charge is required to be withheld on any non-cash distribution, the depositary may sell the distributed property or securities to pay such taxes and distribute any remaining net proceeds to the ADR holders entitled thereto.
By holding an ADR or an interest therein, you will be agreeing to indemnify us, the depositary, its custodian and any of our or their respective directors, employees, agents and affiliates against, and hold each of them harmless from, any claims with respect to taxes, additions to tax, penalties or interest arising out of any refund of taxes, reduced rate of withholding at source or other tax benefit. None of the depositary, the custodian or our company shall be liable for the failure by any holder or beneficial owner of ADSs or ordinary shares to obtain the benefits of credits on the basis of non-U.S. tax paid against such holder’s or beneficial owner’s income tax liability. The depositary and our company shall not incur any liability for any tax consequences that may be incurred by holders and beneficial owners of ADSs or ordinary shares on account of their ownership of ordinary shares, ADRs or ADSs.
Reclassifications, Recapitalizations and Mergers
If we take certain actions that affect the deposited securities, including (i) any change in par value, split-up, consolidation, cancellation or other reclassification of deposited securities or (ii) any recapitalization, reorganization, merger, consolidation, liquidation, receivership, bankruptcy or sale of all or substantially all of our assets, then the depositary may choose to:
|(1)||amend the form of ADR;|
|(2)||distribute additional or amended ADRs;|
|(3)||distribute cash, securities or other property it has received in connection with such actions;|
|(4)||sell any securities or property received and distribute the proceeds as cash; or|
|(5)||none of the above.|
If the depositary does not choose any of the above options, any of the cash, securities or other property it receives will constitute part of the deposited securities and each ADS will then represent a proportionate interest in such property.
Amendment and Termination
How may the Deposit Agreement be Amended?
We may agree with the depositary to amend the deposit agreement and the ADSs without your consent for any reason. ADR holders must be given at least 30 days notice of any amendment that imposes or increases any fees or charges (other than stock transfer or other taxes and other governmental charges, transfer or registration fees, cable, telex or facsimile transmission costs, delivery costs or other such expenses), or prejudices any substantial existing right of ADR holders. If an ADR holder continues to hold an ADR or ADRs after being so notified, such ADR holder is deemed to agree to such amendment. Notwithstanding the foregoing, if any governmental body or regulatory body should adopt new laws, rules or regulations which would require amendment or supplement of the deposit agreement or the form of ADR to ensure compliance therewith, we and the depositary may amend or supplement the deposit agreement and the ADR at any time in accordance with such changed laws, rules or regulations, which amendment or supplement may take effect before a notice is given or you otherwise receive notice. No amendment, however, will impair your right to surrender your ADSs and receive the underlying securities.
How may the Deposit Agreement be Terminated?
The depositary may, and shall at our written direction, terminate the deposit agreement and the ADR by mailing notice of such termination to the registered holders of ADRs at least 30 days prior to the date fixed in such notice for such termination; provided, however, if the depositary shall have (i) resigned as depositary under the deposit agreement, notice of such termination by the depositary shall not be provided to registered holders unless a successor depositary shall not be operating hereunder within 45 days of the date of such resignation, and (ii) been removed as depositary under the deposit agreement, notice of such termination by the depositary shall not be provided to registered holders of ADRs unless a successor depositary shall not be operating hereunder on the 90th day after our notice of removal was first provided to the depositary. After termination, the depositary’s only responsibility will be (i) to deliver deposited securities to ADR holders who surrender their ADRs, and (ii) to hold or sell distributions received on deposited securities. As soon as practicable after the expiration of six months from the termination date, the depositary will sell the deposited securities which remain and hold the net proceeds of such sales, without liability for interest, in trust for the ADR holders who have not yet surrendered their ADRs. After making such sale, the depositary shall have no obligations except to account for such proceeds and other cash. The depositary will not be required to invest such proceeds or pay interest on them.
Limitations on Obligations and Liability to ADR holders
Limits on our Obligations and the Obligations of the Depositary; Limits on Liability to ADR Holders and Holders of ADSs
Prior to the issue, registration, registration of transfer, split-up, combination, or cancellation of any ADRs, or the delivery of any distribution in respect thereof, the depositary and its custodian may require you to pay, provide or deliver:
|●||payment with respect thereto of (a) any stock transfer or other tax or other governmental charge, (b) any stock transfer or registration fees in effect for the registration of transfers of shares or other deposited securities upon any applicable register, and (c) any applicable fees and expenses described in the deposit agreement;|
|●||the production of proof satisfactory to the depositary and/or its custodian of (a) the identity of any signatory and genuineness of any signature and (b) such other information, including without limitation, information as to citizenship, residence, exchange control approval, beneficial ownership of any securities, payment of applicable taxes or governmental charges, or legal or beneficial ownership and the nature of such interest, information relating to the registration of the shares on the books maintained by or on our behalf for the transfer and registration of shares, compliance with applicable laws, regulations, provisions of or governing deposited securities and terms of the deposit agreement and the ADR, as it may deem necessary or proper; and|
|●||compliance with such regulations as the depositary may establish consistent with the deposit agreement.|
The deposit agreement expressly limits the obligations and liability of the depositary, ourselves and our respective agents. Neither we nor the depositary nor any such agent will be liable if:
|●||present or future law, rule or regulation of the United States, the Cayman Islands, the People’s Republic of China or any other country, or of any governmental or regulatory authority or securities exchange or market or automated quotation system, the provisions of or governing any deposited securities, any present or future provision of our charter, any act of God, war, terrorism or other circumstance beyond our, the depositary’s or our respective agents’ control shall prevent, delay or subject to any civil or criminal penalty any act which the deposit agreement or the ADRs provide shall be done or performed by us, the depositary or our respective agents (including, without limitation, voting);|
|●||it exercises or fails to exercise discretion under the deposit agreement or the ADR;|
|●||it performs its obligations without gross negligence or bad faith;|
|●||it takes any action or refrains from taking any action in reliance upon the advice of or information from legal counsel, accountants, any person presenting shares for deposit, any registered holder of ADRs, or any other person believed by it to be competent to give such advice or information; or|
|●||it relies upon any written notice, request, direction or other document believed by it to be genuine and to have been signed or presented by the proper party or parties.|
Neither the depositary nor its agents have any obligation to appear in, prosecute or defend any action, suit or other proceeding in respect of any deposited securities or the ADRs. We and our agents shall only be obligated to appear in, prosecute or defend any action, suit or other proceeding in respect of any deposited securities or the ADRs, which in our opinion may involve us in expense or liability, if indemnity satisfactory to us against all expense (including fees and disbursements of counsel) and liability is furnished as often as may be required. The depositary and its agents may fully respond to any and all demands or requests for information maintained by or on its behalf in connection with the deposit agreement, any registered holder or holders of ADRs, any ADSs or otherwise to the extent such information is requested or required by or pursuant to any lawful authority, including without limitation laws, rules, regulations, administrative or judicial process, banking, securities or other regulators.
The depositary will not be responsible for failing to carry out instructions to vote the deposited securities or for the manner in which the deposited securities are voted or the effect of the vote. In no event shall we, the depositary or any of our respective agents be liable to holders of ADSs or interests therein for any indirect, special, punitive or consequential damages.
The depositary may own and deal in deposited securities and in ADSs.
Disclosure of Interest in ADSs
To the extent that the provisions of or governing any deposited securities may require disclosure of or impose limits on beneficial or other ownership of deposited securities, other shares and other securities and may provide for blocking transfer, voting or other rights to enforce such disclosure or limits, you agree to comply with all such disclosure requirements and ownership limitations and to comply with any reasonable instructions we may provide in respect thereof. We reserve the right to request you to deliver your ADSs for cancellation and withdrawal of the deposited securities so as to permit us to deal with you directly as a holder of deposited securities and, by holding an ADS or an interest therein, you will be agreeing to comply with such instructions.
Requirements for Depositary Actions
We, the depositary or the custodian may refuse to:
|●||issue, register or transfer an ADR or ADRs;|
|●||effect a split-up or combination of ADRs;|
|●||deliver distributions on any such ADRs; or|
|●||permit the withdrawal of deposited securities (unless the deposit agreement provides otherwise), until the following conditions have been met:|
|●||the holder has paid all taxes, governmental charges, and fees and expenses as required in the deposit agreement;|
|●||the holder has provided the depositary with any information it may deem necessary or proper, including, without limitation, proof of identity and the genuineness of any signature; and|
|●||the holder has complied with such regulations as the depositary may establish under the deposit agreement.|
The depositary may also suspend the issuance of ADSs, the deposit of shares, the registration, transfer, split-up or combination of ADRs, or the withdrawal of deposited securities (unless the deposit agreement provides otherwise), if the register for ADRs or any deposited securities is closed or the depositary decides it is advisable to do so.
Books of Depositary
The depositary or its agent will maintain a register for the registration, registration of transfer, combination and split-up of ADRs, which register shall include the depositary’s direct registration system. You may inspect such records at such office during regular business hours, but solely for the purpose of communicating with other holders in the interest of business matters relating to the deposit agreement. Such register may be closed from time to time, when deemed expedient by the depositary.
The depositary will maintain facilities to record and process the issuance, cancellation, combination, split-up and transfer of ADRs. These facilities may be closed from time to time, to the extent not prohibited by law.
Pre-Release of ADSs
The depositary may issue ADSs prior to the deposit with the custodian of shares (or rights to receive shares). This is called a pre-release of the ADS. A pre-release is closed out as soon as the underlying shares (or rights to receive shares from us or from any registrar, transfer agent or other entity recording share ownership or transactions) are delivered to the depositary. The depositary may pre-release ADSs only if:
|●||the depositary has received collateral for the full market value of the pre-released ADSs (marked to market daily); and|
|●||each recipient of pre-released ADSs agrees in writing that he or she:|
|●||owns the underlying shares;|
|●||assigns all rights in such shares to the depositary;|
|●||holds such shares for the account of the depositary; and|
|●||will deliver such shares to the custodian as soon as practicable, and promptly if the depositary so demands (but in any event within five business days of the depositary’s demand therefor).|
In general, the number of pre-released ADSs will not evidence more than 30% of all ADSs outstanding at any given time (excluding those evidenced by pre-released ADSs). However, the depositary may change or disregard such limit from time to time as it deems appropriate. The depositary may retain for its own account any earnings on collateral for pre-released ADSs and its charges for issuance thereof.
In the deposit agreement, each holder and each person holding an interest in ADSs, upon acceptance of any ADSs (or any interest therein) issued in accordance with the terms and conditions of the deposit agreement will be deemed for all purposes to:
|●||be a party to and bound by the terms of the deposit agreement and the applicable ADR or ADRs; and|
|●||appoint the depositary its attorney-in-fact, with full power to delegate, to act on its behalf and to take any and all actions contemplated in the deposit agreement and the applicable ADR or ADRs, to adopt any and all procedures necessary to comply with applicable laws and to take such action as the depositary in its sole discretion may deem necessary or appropriate to carry out the purposes of the deposit agreement and the applicable ADR and ADRs, the taking of such actions to be the conclusive determinant of the necessity and appropriateness thereof.|
The Selling Shareholder and any of their pledgees, donees, transferees, assignees or other successors-in-interest may, from time to time, sell, transfer or otherwise dispose of any or all of their ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) or interests in any such shares or ADSs on any stock exchange, market or trading facility on which the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) are traded or in private transactions. We will not receive any of the proceeds from this offering. These dispositions may be at fixed prices, at prevailing market prices at the time of sale, at prices related to the prevailing market price, at varying prices determined at the time of sale, or at negotiated prices. The Selling Shareholder may use one or more of the following methods when disposing of the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) or interests therein:
|●||ordinary brokerage transactions and transactions in which the broker-dealer solicits purchasers;|
|●||block trades in which the broker-dealer will attempt to sell ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) as agent but may position and resell a portion of the block as principal to facilitate the transaction;|
|●||through brokers, dealers or underwriters that may act solely as agents;|
|●||purchases by a broker-dealer as principal and resale by the broker-dealer for its account;|
|●||an exchange distribution in accordance with the rules of the applicable exchange;|
|●||privately negotiated transactions;|
|●||through the writing or settlement of options or other hedging transactions entered into after the effective date of the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part, whether through an options exchange or otherwise;|
|●||broker-dealers may agree with the Selling Shareholder to sell a specified number of ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) or interests in such shares at a stipulated price per share;|
|●||a combination of any such methods of disposition; and|
|●||any other method permitted pursuant to applicable law.|
The Selling Shareholder also may resell all or a portion of the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) in open market transactions in reliance upon Rule 144 under the Securities Act, as permitted by that rule, or Section 4(a)(1) under the Securities Act, if available, rather than under this prospectus, provided that they meet the criteria and conform to the requirements of those provisions.
Broker-dealers engaged by the Selling Shareholder may arrange for other broker-dealers to participate in sales. If the Selling Shareholder effect such transactions by selling the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) to or through underwriters, broker-dealers or agents, such underwriters, broker-dealers or agents may receive commissions in the form of discounts, concessions or commissions from the Selling Shareholder or commissions from purchasers of the the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) for whom they may act as agent or to whom they may sell as principal. Such commissions will be in amounts to be negotiated, but, except as set forth in a supplement to this prospectus, in the case of an agency transaction will not be in excess of a customary brokerage commission in compliance with Rule 2121 of the Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc., or FINRA; and in the case of a principal transaction a markup or markdown in compliance with FINRA Rule 2121.
The Selling Shareholder may from time to time pledge or grant a security interest in some or all of the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) owned by them and, if they default in the performance of their secured obligations, the pledgees or secured parties may offer and sell ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) from time to time under this prospectus, or under a supplement or amendment to this prospectus under Rule 424(b)(3) or other applicable provision of the Securities Act amending the list of Selling Shareholder to include the pledgee, transferee or other successors in interest as Selling Shareholder under this prospectus.
The Selling Shareholder have informed us that they do not have any written or oral agreement or understanding, directly or indirectly, with any person to distribute the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares). Upon being notified in writing by a Selling Shareholder that any material arrangement has been entered into with a broker-dealer for the sale of ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) through a block trade, special offering, exchange distribution or secondary distribution or a purchase by a broker or dealer, a supplement to this prospectus, if required, pursuant to Rule 424(b) under the Securities Act will be filed, disclosing (i) the name of each such Selling Shareholder and of the participating broker-dealer(s), (ii) the number of ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) involved, (iii) the price at which such ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) were sold, (iv) the commissions paid or discounts or concessions allowed to such broker-dealer(s), where applicable, (v) that such broker-dealer(s) did not conduct any investigation to verify the information set out or incorporated by reference in this prospectus, and (vi) other facts material to the transaction. In compliance with the guidelines of FINRA, the maximum discount or commission to be received by any FINRA member or independent broker-dealer may not exceed 8% of the aggregate amount of the securities offered pursuant to this prospectus and any applicable prospectus supplement.
The Selling Shareholder also may transfer the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) in other circumstances, in which case the transferees, pledgees or other successors in interest will be the selling beneficial owners for purposes of this prospectus.
In connection with the sale of the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) or interests in such shares, the Selling Shareholder may enter into hedging transactions after the effective date of the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part with broker-dealers or other financial institutions, which may in turn engage in short sales in the course of hedging the positions they assume. The Selling Shareholder may also sell ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) short after the effective date of the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part and deliver these securities to close out their short positions, or loan or pledge the common stock to broker-dealers that in turn may sell these securities. The Selling Shareholder may also enter into option or other transactions after the effective date of the registration statement of which this prospectus is a part with broker-dealers or other financial institutions or the creation of one or more derivative securities which require the delivery to such broker-dealer or other financial institution of ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) offered by this prospectus, which ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) such broker-dealer or other financial institution may resell pursuant to this prospectus (as supplemented or amended to reflect such transaction).
The Selling Shareholder and any broker-dealers or agents that are involved in selling the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) may be deemed to be “underwriters” within the meaning of the Securities Act in connection with such sales. In such event, any commissions received by such broker-dealers or agents and any profit on the resale of the shares purchased by them may be deemed to be underwriting commissions or discounts under the Securities Act. Any Selling Shareholder who is an “underwriter” within the meaning of Section 2(11) of the Securities Act will be subject to the applicable prospectus delivery requirements of the Securities Act and may be subject to certain statutory liabilities of, including but not limited to, Sections 11, 12 and 17 of the Securities Act and Rule 10b-5 under the Exchange Act.
We have advised the Selling Shareholder that they are required to comply with Regulation M promulgated under the Exchange Act during such time as they may be engaged in a distribution of the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares). The Selling Shareholder and any other person participating in such distribution will be subject to applicable provisions of the Exchange Act, and the rules and regulations thereunder, including, without limitation, to the extent applicable, Regulation M of the Exchange Act, which may limit the timing of purchases and sales of any of the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) by the Selling Shareholder and any other participating person. To the extent applicable, Regulation M may also restrict the ability of any person engaged in the distribution of the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) to engage in market-making activities with respect to the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares). All of the foregoing may affect the marketability of the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) and the ability of any person or entity to engage in market-making activities with respect to the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares).
Under the securities laws of some states, the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) may be sold in such states only through registered or licensed brokers or dealers. In addition, in some states the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) may not be sold unless such securities have been registered or qualified for sale in such state or an exemption from registration or qualification is available and is complied with.
The aggregate proceeds to the Selling Shareholder from the sale of ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) offered by them will be the purchase price of the shares less discounts or commissions, if any. Each of the Selling Shareholder reserves the right to accept and, together with their agents from time to time, to reject, in whole or in part, any proposed purchase to be made directly or through agents. There can be no assurance that the Selling Shareholder will sell any or all of the ordinary shares (or ADSs representing such shares) registered pursuant to the shelf registration statement, of which this prospectus forms a part.
This offering will terminate on the earlier of (1) the last day of the three-year period after the month in which this registration statement becomes effective or (2) the date on which all ordinary shares (or ADS representing such shares) offered by this prospectus have been sold.
We are required to pay all fees and expenses incident to the registration of the shares including SEC filing fees, other than any underwriting discounts, selling commissions, transfer taxes, depositary fees and fees and disbursement of counsel for the Selling Shareholder, if any.
We are incorporated in the Cayman Islands in order to take advantage of certain benefits associated with being a Cayman Islands exempted company, such as:
|●||political and economic stability;|
|●||an effective judicial system;|
|●||a favorable tax system;|
|●||the absence of exchange control or currency restrictions; and|
|●||the availability of professional and support services.|
However, certain disadvantages accompany incorporation in the Cayman Islands. These disadvantages include, but are not limited to:
|●||the Cayman Islands has a less developed body of securities laws as compared to the United States and these securities laws provide significantly less protection to investors; and|
|●||Cayman Islands companies may not have standing to sue before the federal courts of the United States.|
Our constituent documents do not contain provisions requiring that disputes be submitted to arbitration, including those arising under the securities laws of the United States, among us, our officers, directors and shareholders.
All of our current operations are conducted in China, and substantially all of our assets are located in China. A majority of our directors and officers are nationals or residents of jurisdictions other than the United States and a substantial portion of their assets are located outside of the United States. As a result, it may be difficult for a shareholder to effect service of process within the United States upon us or such persons, or to enforce against us or them judgments obtained in United States courts, including judgments predicated upon the civil liability provisions of the securities laws of the United States or any state in the United States.
We have appointed Cogency Global Inc., 10 East 40th Street, 10th Floor, New York, N.Y. 10016, as our agent upon whom process may be served in any action brought against us under the securities laws of the United States.
Maples and Calder (Hong Kong) LLP, our counsel as to Cayman Islands law, and Global Law Office, our counsel as to PRC law, have advised us, respectively, that it is uncertain whether the courts of the Cayman Islands and China, respectively, would:
|●||recognize or enforce judgments of United States courts obtained against us or our directors or officers predicated upon the civil liability provisions of the securities laws of the United States or any state in the United States; or|
|●||entertain original actions brought in each respective jurisdiction against us or our directors or officers predicated upon the securities laws of the United States or any state in the United States.|
Maples and Calder (Hong Kong) LLP has informed us that although there is no statutory enforcement in the Cayman Islands of judgments obtained in the federal or state courts of the United States (and the Cayman Islands are not a party to any treaties for the reciprocal enforcement or recognition of such judgments), a judgment obtained in such jurisdiction will be recognized and enforced in the courts of the Cayman Islands at common law, without any re-examination of the merits of the underlying dispute, by an action commenced on the foreign judgment debt in the Grand Court of the Cayman Islands, provided such judgment (a) is given by a foreign court of competent jurisdiction, (b) imposes on the judgment debtor a liability to pay a liquidated sum for which the judgment has been given, (c) is final, (d) is not in respect of taxes, a fine or a penalty; and (e) was not obtained in a manner and is not of a kind the enforcement of which is contrary to natural justice or the public policy of the Cayman Islands. However, the Cayman Islands courts are unlikely to enforce a judgment obtained from the U.S. courts under civil liability provisions of the U.S. federal securities law if such judgment is determined by the courts of the Cayman Islands to give rise to obligations to make payments that are penal or punitive in nature. Because such a determination has not yet been made by a court of the Cayman Islands, it is uncertain whether such civil liability judgments from U.S. courts would be enforceable in the Cayman Islands.
Global Law Office has further advised us that the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments are provided for under PRC Civil Procedures Law. PRC courts may recognize and enforce foreign judgments in accordance with the requirements of PRC Civil Procedures Law based either on treaties between China and the country where the judgment is made or on reciprocity between jurisdictions. As there is currently no treaty or other agreement of reciprocity between China and the United States governing the recognition of a judgment, it is uncertain whether a PRC court would enforce a judgment rendered by a court in the United States. As both China and United States had ratified the United Nations Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (New York, 10 June, 1958), or the New York Convention, arbitral awards made by Arbitration institutions in the United States will be recognized by Chinese competent authority as binding and enforce in accordance with the rules of procedure of the territory where the award is relied upon, under the conditions laid down in the articles of New York Convention.
The following table sets forth the aggregate expenses to be paid by us in connection with this offering. All amounts shown are estimates, except for the SEC registration fee. We will pay all expenses in connection with the distribution of the ADSs being sold by the Selling Shareholder, except for the underwriting discounts and selling commissions payable by, and all legal fees and expenses of legal counsel for, the Selling Shareholder, if any.
|SEC registration fee||US$||13,879|
|Legal fees and expenses||100,000|
|Accounting fees and expenses||130,000|
We are being represented by Kirkland & Ellis International LLP with respect to certain legal matters as to United States federal securities and New York state law. The validity of the ordinary shares and legal matters as to Cayman Islands law will be passed upon for us by Maples and Calder (Hong Kong) LLP. We are being represented by Global Law Office with respect to legal matters as to PRC law. Kirkland & Ellis International LLP may rely upon Maples and Calder (Hong Kong) LLP with respect to matters governed by Cayman Islands law and Global Law Office with respect to matters governed by PRC law.
The consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule incorporated in this prospectus by reference from the Company's annual report on Form 20-F for the year ended December 31, 2017, and the effectiveness of the company’s internal control over financial reporting have been audited by Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their reports which are incorporated herein by reference, and which (1) express an unqualified opinion on the financial statements and financial statement schedule and includes an explanatory paragraph referring to the translation of Renminbi amounts into United States dollars amounts for the convenience of the readers in the United States of America and (2) express an unqualified opinion on the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. Such financial statements and financial statement schedule have been so incorporated in reliance upon the reports of such firm given upon their authority as experts in accounting and auditing.
The offices of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu are located at 35th Floor, One Pacific Place, 88 Queensway, Hong Kong. The offices of the KPMG Huazhen LLP are located at 21st Floor, CTF Finance Center 6, Zhujiang East Road, Guangzhou, China.
The consolidated financial statements of Sincere Fame International Limited for the year ended December 31, 2016 have been incorporated by reference herein in reliance upon the report of KPMG Huazhen LLP, independent auditors, incorporated by reference herein, and upon the authority of said firm as experts in accounting and auditing.
The audit report covering the December 31, 2016 consolidated financial statements of Sincere Fame International Limited contains an explanatory paragraph that states that the accompanying consolidated statements of financial position of Sincere Fame International Limited and its subsidiaries as of December 31, 2015 and January 1, 2015 and the related consolidated statements of profit or loss and other comprehensive income, changes in equity, and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2015 were not audited, reviewed, or compiled by KPMG Huazhen LLP and, accordingly, KPMG Huazhen LLP does not express an opinion or any other form of assurance on them.
INFORMATION NOT REQUIRED IN PROSPECTUS
|Item 8.||Indemnification of Directors and Officers|
Cayman Islands law does not limit the extent to which a company’s articles of association may provide for indemnification of officers and directors, except to the extent any such provision may be held by the Cayman Islands courts to be contrary to public policy, such as to provide indemnification against civil fraud or the consequences of committing a crime. Our amended and restated memorandum and articles of association provide for indemnification of officers and directors against all actions, proceedings, costs, charges, losses, damages and expenses incurred in their capacities as such, except through their own willful neglect or default.
Pursuant to the form of indemnification agreements filed as Exhibit 10.3 to our F-1 registration statement (File No. 333-146605), as amended, initially filed with the SEC on October 10, 2007, we will agree to indemnify our directors and officers against certain liabilities and expenses incurred by such persons in connection with claims made by reason of their being such a director or officer.
Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers or persons controlling us pursuant to the foregoing provisions, we have been informed that in the opinion of the SEC such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is therefore unenforceable.
Any underwriting agreement entered into in connection with an offering of the ADSs will also provide for indemnification of our officers and directors in certain cases.
See Index to Exhibits beginning on page II-5 of this registration statement.
(a) The undersigned Registrant hereby undertakes:
(1) To file, during any period in which offers or sales are being made, a post-effective amendment to this registration statement:
(i) To include any prospectus required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act;
(ii) To reflect in the prospectus any facts or events arising after the effective date of the registration statement (or the most recent post-effective amendment thereof) which, individually or in the aggregate, represent a fundamental change in the information set forth in the registration statement. Notwithstanding the foregoing, any increase or decrease in volume of securities offered (if the total dollar value of securities offered would not exceed that which was registered) and any deviation from the low or high end of the estimated maximum offering range may be reflected in the form of prospectus filed with the SEC pursuant to Rule 424(b) if, in the aggregate, the changes in volume and price represent no more than a 20% change in the maximum aggregate offering price set forth in the “Calculation of Registration Fee” table in the effective registration statement; and
(iii) To include any material information with respect to the plan of distribution not previously disclosed in the registration statement or any material change to such information in the registration statement;
Provided, however, that:
Paragraphs (a)(1)(i), (a)(1)(ii) and (a)(1)(iii) of this section do not apply if the information required to be included in a post-effective amendment by those paragraphs is contained in periodic reports filed with or furnished to the SEC by the Registrant pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act, that are incorporated by reference in the registration statement, or is contained in a form of prospectus filed pursuant to Rule 424(b) that is part of the registration statement.
(2) That, for the purpose of determining any liability under the Securities Act, each such post-effective amendment shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
(3) To remove from registration by means of a post-effective amendment any of the securities being registered which remain unsold at the termination of the offering.
(4) To file a post-effective amendment to the registration statement to include any financial statements required by Item 8.A. of Form 20-F at the start of any delayed offering or throughout a continuous offering. Financial statements and information otherwise required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act need not be furnished, provided, that the Registrant includes in the prospectus, by means of a post-effective amendment, financial statements required pursuant to this paragraph (a)(4) and other information necessary to ensure that all other information in the prospectus is at least as current as the date of those financial statements. Notwithstanding the foregoing, a post-effective amendment need not be filed to include financial statements and information required by Section 10(a)(3) of the Securities Act or Rule 3-19 of Regulation S-X if such financial statements and information are contained in periodic reports filed with or furnished to the SEC by the Registrant pursuant to Section 13 or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act that are incorporated by reference in this Form F-3.
(5) That, for the purpose of determining liability under the Securities Act to any purchaser:
(i) Each prospectus filed by the Registrant pursuant to Rule 424(b)(3) shall be deemed to be part of the registration statement as of the date the filed prospectus was deemed part of and included in the registration statement; and
(ii) Each prospectus required to be filed pursuant to Rule 424(b)(2), (b)(5), or (b)(7) as part of a registration statement in reliance on Rule 430B relating to an offering made pursuant to Rule 415(a)(1)(i), (vii), or (x) for the purpose of providing the information required by section 10(a) of the Securities Act shall be deemed to be part of and included in the registration statement as of the earlier of the date such form of prospectus is first used after effectiveness or the date of the first contract of sale of securities in the offering described in the prospectus. As provided in Rule 430B, for liability purposes of the issuer and any person that is at that date an underwriter, such date shall be deemed to be a new effective date of the registration statement relating to the securities in the registration statement to which that prospectus relates, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof. Provided, however, that no statement made in a registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement or made in a document incorporated or deemed incorporated by reference into the registration statement or prospectus that is part of the registration statement will, as to a purchaser with a time of contract of sale prior to such effective date, supersede or modify any statement that was made in the registration statement or prospectus that was part of the registration statement or made in any such document immediately prior to such effective date.
(b) The undersigned Registrant hereby undertakes that, for purposes of determining any liability under the Securities Act , each filing of the Registrant’s annual report pursuant to Section 13(a) or Section 15(d) of the Exchange Act that is incorporated by reference in the registration statement shall be deemed to be a new registration statement relating to the securities offered therein, and the offering of such securities at that time shall be deemed to be the initial bona fide offering thereof.
(c) Insofar as indemnification for liabilities arising under the Securities Act may be permitted to directors, officers and controlling persons of the Registrant pursuant to the foregoing provisions, the Registrant has been advised that in the opinion of the Securities and Exchange Commission such indemnification is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and is, therefore, unenforceable. In the event that a claim for indemnification against such liabilities (other than the payment by the Registrant of expenses incurred or paid by a director, officer or controlling person of the Registrant in the successful defense of any action, suit or proceeding) is asserted by such director, officer or controlling person in connection with the securities being registered, the Registrant will, unless in the opinion of its counsel the matter has been settled by controlling precedent, submit to a court of appropriate jurisdiction the question whether such indemnification by it is against public policy as expressed in the Securities Act and will be governed by the final adjudication of such issue.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, the Registrant certifies that it has reasonable grounds to believe that it meets all of the requirements for filing Form F-3 and has duly caused this registration statement to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized, in Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China, on June 25, 2018.
|By:||/s/ Chunlin Wang|
|Title:||Chief Executive Officer and |
Chairman of the Board of Directors
KNOW ALL PERSONS BY THESE PRESENTS, that each person whose signature appears below constitutes and appoints Mr. Chunlin Wang and Mr. Peng Ge, and each of them, as his or her true and lawful attorneys-in-fact and agents, each with full power of substitution and resubstitution, for him or her and in his or her name, place and stead, in any and all capacities, to sign any and all amendments (including post-effective amendments) and supplements to this registration statement on Form F-3 and to file the same, with all exhibits thereto, and other documents in connection therewith, with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission, granting unto said attorneys-in-fact and agents, and each of them, full power and authority to do and perform each and every act and thing requisite and necessary to be done in connection therewith and about the premises, as fully to all intents and purposes as each such person might or could do in person, hereby ratifying and confirming all that said attorneys-in-fact and agents, or any of them, or their or his substitute or substitutes, may lawfully do or cause to be done by virtue hereof.
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Act of 1933, this registration statement has been signed by the following persons in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
|/s/ Chunlin Wang||Chief Executive Officer and Chairman of the Board of Directors||June 25, 2018|
|Name: Chunlin Wang||(principal executive officer)|
|/s/ Peng Ge||Chief Financial Officer and Director||June 25, 2018|
|Name: Peng Ge||(principal financial and accounting officer)|
|/s/ Yinan Hu|
|Name: Yinan Hu||Director||June 25, 2018|
|/s/ Yunxiang Tang|
|Name: Yunxiang Tang||Independent Director||June 25, 2018|
|/s/ Stephen Markscheid|
|Name: Stephen Markscheid||Independent Director||June 25, 2018|
|/s/ Allen Warren Lueth|
|Name: Allen Warren Lueth||Independent Director||June 25, 2018|
|/s/ Mengbo Yin|
|Name: Mengbo Yin||Independent Director||June 25, 2018|
SIGNATURE OF AUTHORIZED UNITED STATES REPRESENTATIVE
Pursuant to the Securities Act, the undersigned, the duly authorized representative in the United States of Fanhua Inc., has signed this registration statement or amendment thereto in New York, New York, on June 25, 2018.
|Authorized U.S. Representative|
|Cogency Global Inc.|
|By:||/s/ Coleen A. De Vries|
|Name:||Colleen A. De Vries|
|Title:||Senior Vice President|
INDEX TO EXHIBITS
Description of Document
|3.1||Amended and Restated Memorandum and Articles of Association (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 1.3 of the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 20-F (File No. 001-33768) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 19, 2017)|
|4.1||Registrant’s Specimen American Depositary Receipt (included in Exhibit 4.3)|
|4.2||Registrant’s Specimen Certificate for Ordinary Shares (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to the Registrant’s registration statement on Form F-1 (File No. 333-146605), as amended, initially filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 10, 2007)|
|4.3||Form of Deposit Agreement among the Registrant, the depositary and holders of the American depositary receipts (incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 to the Registrant’s registration statement on Form F-1/A (File No. 333-146605), as amended, initially filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 25, 2007)|
|5.1*||Opinion of Maples and Calder (Hong Kong) LLP|
|10.1||Share Purchase Agreement, dated March 29, 2017, between Fosun Industrial Holdings Limited and Fanhua Inc.(incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.9 to the Registrant’s Annual Report on Form 20-F (File No.001-33768) with the Securities and Exchange Commission on April 19, 2017)|
|23.1*||Consent of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu, Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm|
|23.2*||Consent of KPMG Huazhen LLP, Independent Auditors of Sincere Fame International Limited|
|23.3*||Consent of Maples and Calder (Hong Kong) LLP (included in Exhibit 5.1)|
|23.4*||Consent of Global Law Office|
|24.1*||Powers of Attorney (included as part of the signature page in Part II of this registration statement)|
Our ref DKP/628018-000001/12664915v1
27/F, Pearl River Tower
No. 15 West Zhujiang Road
Guangzhou, Guangdong 510623
People’s Republic of China
25 June 2018
We have acted as Cayman Islands legal advisers to Fanhua Inc. (the “Company”) in connection with the Company’s registration statement on Form F-3, including all amendments or supplements thereto (the “Registration Statement”), filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “Commission”) under the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended to date, relating to the proposed sale (the “Proposed Sale”) by certain selling shareholder of the Company of up to 3,300,000 American depositary shares, representing 66,000,000 ordinary shares of par value US$0.001 each of the Company (the “Shares”).
We are furnishing this opinion as Exhibit 5.1 to the Registration Statement.
For the purposes of this opinion, we have reviewed only originals, copies or final drafts of the following documents:
|1.1||The certificate of incorporation dated 10 April 2007 and the certificate of incorporation on change of name dated 12 December 2016.|
|1.2||The Amended and Restated Memorandum and Articles of Association of the Company as adopted by special resolution dated 6 December 2016 (the “Memorandum and Articles”).|
|1.3||The written resolutions of the directors of the Company dated 25 May 2018 (the “Directors’ Resolutions”).|
|1.4||The register of members of the Company, as maintained by Royal Bank of Canada Trust Company (Cayman) Limited, as the share registrar of the Company, dated 30 April 2018 (the “Register of Members”).|
|1.5||A certificate from a Director of the Company addressed to this firm dated 25 June 2018, a copy of which is attached hereto (the “Director’s Certificate”).|
|1.6||A certificate of good standing dated 25 May 2018, issued by the Registrar of Companies in the Cayman Islands (the “Certificate of Good Standing”).|
|1.7||The Registration Statement.|
Maples and Calder (Hong Kong) LLP
53rd Floor The Center 99 Queen's Road Central Hong Kong
Tel +852 2522 9333 Fax +852 2537 2955 maplesandcalder.com
Resident Hong Kong Partners: Mark Western (British Virgin Islands), Anthony B. Webster (Cayman Islands), Michelle Lloyd (Ireland) Greg Knowles (British Virgin Islands), John Trehey (New Zealand), Ann Ng (Victoria (Australia)), Mac Imrie (Cayman Islands), Stacey Overholt (British Virgin Islands) Nick Hanold (England and Wales), James Gaden (New South Wales (Australia)), Terence Ho (New South Wales (Australia)), Justin Pennay (Cayman Islands) L.K. Kan (England and Wales), W.G. Pao (England and Wales), Richard Spooner (England and Wales), Sharon Yap (New Zealand), Aisling Dwyer (British Virgin Islands) Matthew Roberts (Western Australia (Australia)). Everton Robertson (England and Wales)
Cayman Islands Attorneys at Law│British Virgin Islands Solicitors│Irish Solicitors
The following opinions are given only as to, and based on, circumstances and matters of fact existing and known to us on the date of this opinion letter. These opinions only relate to the laws of the Cayman Islands which are in force on the date of this opinion letter. In giving these opinions we have relied (without further verification) upon the completeness and accuracy of the Register of Members, the Director’s Certificate and the Certificate of Good Standing. We have also relied upon the following assumptions, which we have not independently verified:
|2.1||Copy documents or drafts of documents provided to us are true and complete copies of, or in the final forms of, the originals.|
|2.2||The genuineness of all signatures and seals.|
|2.3||There is nothing under any law (other than the law of the Cayman Islands) which would or might affect the opinions set out below.|
Based upon the foregoing and subject to the qualifications set out below and having regard to such legal considerations as we deem relevant, we are of the opinion that:
|3.1||The Company has been duly incorporated as an exempted company with limited liability for an unlimited duration and is validly existing and in good standing under the laws of the Cayman Islands.|
|3.2||The authorised share capital of the Company is US$10,000,000 divided into 10,000,000,000 ordinary shares of a nominal or par value of US$0.001 each.|
|3.3||The sale and transfer of the Shares pursuant to the Proposed Sale has been duly authorised, and such Shares have been legally issued and allotted, and are fully paid and non-assessable.|
|3.4||The statements under the caption “Taxation” in the annual report on Form 20-F filed by the Company on April 20, 2018, which is incorporated by reference into the prospectus forming part of the Registration Statement, to the extent that they constitute statements of Cayman Islands law, are accurate in all material respects and that such statements constitute our opinion.|
Except as specifically stated herein, we make no comment with respect to any representations and warranties which may be made by or with respect to the Company in any of the documents or instruments cited in this opinion or otherwise with respect to the commercial terms of the transactions the subject of this opinion.
Under the Companies Law (2018 Revision) of the Cayman Islands, the register of members of a Cayman Islands company is by statute regarded as prima facie evidence of any matters which the Companies Law (2018 Revision) directs or authorises to be inserted therein. A third party interest in the shares in question would not appear. An entry in the register of members may yield to a court order for rectification (for example, in the event of fraud or manifest error).
In this opinion, the phrase “non-assessable” means, with respect to Shares, that a shareholder shall not, solely by virtue of its status as a shareholder, be liable for additional assessments or calls on the Shares by the Company or its creditors (except in exceptional circumstances, such as involving fraud, the establishment of an agency relationship or an illegal or improper purpose or other circumstances in which a court may be prepared to pierce or lift the corporate veil).
We hereby consent to the filing of this opinion as an exhibit to the Registration Statement and to the reference to our name under the headings “Enforceability of Civil Liabilities”, “Taxation” and “Legal Matters” and elsewhere in the prospectus included in the Registration Statement. In giving such consent, we do not thereby admit that we come within the category of persons whose consent is required under Section 7 of the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Rules and Regulations of the Commission thereunder.
/s/ Maples and Calder (Hong Kong) LLP
Maples and Calder (Hong Kong) LLP
27/F, Pearl River Tower No. 15 West Zhujiang Road
Guangzhou, Guangdong 510623
People's Republic of China
June 25, 2018
|To:||Maples and Calder (Hong Kong) LLP|
|53/F, The Center|
|99 Queen's Road Central|
|Central, Hong Kong|
Fanhua Inc. (the "Company")
I, the undersigned, being a director of the Company, am aware that you are being asked to provide a legal opinion (the "Opinion") in relation to certain aspects of Cayman Islands law. Capitalised terms used in this certificate have the meaning given to them in the Opinion. I hereby certify that:
|1||The Memorandum and Articles remain in full effect and are unamended.|
|2||The Directors' Resolutions were duly passed in the manner prescribed in the Memorandum and Articles (including, without limitation, with respect to the disclosure of interests (if any) by directors of the Company) and have not been amended, varied or revoked in any respect.|
|3||The authorised share capital of the Company is US$10,000,000 divided into 10,000,000,000 ordinary shares of a nominal or par value of US$0.001 each. All of the issued Shares being sold and transferred pursuant to the Proposed Sale have been fully paid up and are non-assessable.|
|4||The shareholders of the Company have not restricted or limited the powers of the directors in any way and there is no contractual or other prohibition (other than as arising under Cayman Islands law) binding on the Company prohibiting it from issuing and allotting the Shares or otherwise performing its obligations under the Registration Statement.|
|5||The directors of the Company at the date of the Directors' Resolutions and at the date hereof were and are as follows:|
Hu Yi Nan
Allen Warren Lueth
|6||The minute book and corporate records of the Company as maintained at its registered office in the Cayman Islands and made available to you are complete and accurate in all|
|Signature:||/s/ Chunlin Wang|
|Chairman of the Board of Directors|
CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM
We consent to the incorporation by reference in this Registration Statement on Form F-3 of our reports dated April 20, 2018, relating to (1) the consolidated financial statements and financial statement schedule of Fanhua Inc., its subsidiaries and variable interest entities (the “Group”) (which report expresses an unqualified opinion and includes an explanatory paragraph relating to the translation of Renminbi amounts into United States dollars amounts for the convenience of the readers in the United States of America), and (2) the effectiveness of the Group’s internal control over financial reporting, appearing in the Annual Report on Form 20-F of Fanhua Inc. for the year ended December 31, 2017, and to the reference to us under the heading “Experts” in such Prospectus, which is part of this Registration Statement.
/s/ Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu
Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu
June 25, 2018
Consent of Independent Auditors
We consent to the use of our report dated April 19, 2017, with respect to the consolidated statement of financial position of Sincere Fame International Limited and its subsidiaries as of December 31, 2016, and the related consolidated statements of profit or loss and other comprehensive income, changes in equity and cash flows for the year then ended, and the related notes, incorporated herein by reference and to the reference to our firm under the heading “Experts”.
Our report dated April 19, 2017 contains an explanatory paragraph that states that the accompanying consolidated statements of financial position of Sincere Fame International Limited and its subsidiaries as of December 31, 2015 and January 1, 2015 and the related consolidated statements of profit or loss and other comprehensive income, changes in equity, and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 2015 were not audited, reviewed, or compiled by us and, accordingly, we do not express an opinion or any other form of assurance on them.
/s/ KPMG Huazhen LLP
KPMG Huazhen LLP
June 25, 2018
CONSENT OF GLOBAL LAW OFFICE
Ladies and Gentlemen,
We hereby consent to the reference to our name under the headings “Enforceability of Civil Liabilities” and “Legal Matters” in the registration statement on Form F-3, including all amendments or supplements thereto, initially filed with the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on June 25, 2018 (the “Registration Statement”) under the U.S. Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the “Securities Act”) relating to the ordinary shares, par value $0.001 per share, of Fanhua Inc. We also consent to the filing with the SEC of this consent letter as an exhibit to the Registration Statement.
In providing these consents, we do not thereby admit that we are in the category of persons whose consent is required under Section 7 of the Securities Act or the Rules and Regulations of the SEC promulgated thereunder.
/s/ Global Law Office
Global Law Office
June 25, 2018